ESD Protection

A Simple Demonstration on the Differences Between a Pink Poly Antistatic Bag and a Static Shielding Bag

Fairly regularly we are seeing low charging or antistatic Pink Poly bags being used for the wrong application. These bags are made from a tinted polyethylene material with an antistatic coating that can wear away. This turns the bag insulative and high charging over time, making it noncompliant to ANSI/ESD S541 recommendations.

They also lack discharge shielding protection which makes components within the bag susceptible to ESD event damage. It is this distinction that is most important – as Pink Poly bags don’t provide shielding, they should not be used to carry ESD Susceptible (ESDS) items outside the EPA, i.e. when the sensitive item isn’t grounded. Per ANSI/ESD S541-2018, Table 1. ESD Protective Packaging Requirements by Location, Discharge Shielding is Required for Outside the EPA (UPA).

SCS Metallized Shielding bags are constructed from a metalized polyester film and a low charging polyethylene laminate. This provides the bags with a shielding layer that creates a Faraday cage protecting the ESD sensitive components within the bag from possible ESD event damage. The low charging inner layer and outer layer of the bag prevent tribocharging from occurring, minimizing the build-up of ESD charges when handling components. This low charging layer is longer lasting than a pink antistatic bag.

Per ANSI/ESD S541-2018 – Table2. Summary of ESD Protective Properties

Discharge Shielding

Protects packaged items from the effects of static discharge that are external to the package and limits current flow through package”

Per ANSI/ESD S541-2018 – Per 7.3.1 Electrostatic Discharge Shielding

“Electrostatic discharge shielding materials are capable of attenuating an electrostatic discharge when formed into a container such as a bag”

Watch our video for a simple demonstration on how pink poly bags differ from static shielding bags:

For more information on the differences between these two materials, and a demonstration on how to test per ANSI/ESD S11.31 and ANSI/ESD S541 visit this page.

A Minute with Miranda – Charge-Guard™ ESD Surface and Mat Cleaner Wipes

Welcome back to “A Minute with Miranda.” This week we will be covering how to clean your ESD Worksurface Mat.

For optimum performance, the ESD worksurface mat should be cleaned regularly using a recommended ESD mat cleaner. Per the ESD Handbook ESD TR20.20, “Ensure that cleaners that are used do not leave an electrically insulative residue common with some household cleaners.” We recommend using Charge-Guard™ ESD Surface & Mat Cleaner Wipes to clean and maintain ESD mats and other worksurfaces. Charge-Guard™ wipes do not contain silicone or other substances that will leave an insulative residue or inhibit the performance of an ESD surface.

It is recommended to test the surface after cleaning to ensure that all insulative contaminants such as dirt and grime have been removed. Charge-Guard™ ESD Surface & Mat Cleaner Wipes will only leave behind a coating with a surface resistance of less than 1 x 10^9 ohms.

8004 - Charge-Guard™ ESD Surface and Mat Cleaner, 25 Wipes
8004 – Charge-Guard™ ESD Surface and Mat Cleaner, 25 Wipes

New to ESD Control and need help to set up a Workstation?

Implementing ESD control measures can be very simple, particularly if you are starting with one or two workbenches. Each workbench would be an individual ESD Protected Area (EPA) and when ESD Sensitive (ESDS) devices are not at the ESD workbench they should be in a closed ESD shielding container or bag. In today’s blog we provide a basic set up for a start-up workbench EPA.

Personnel Grounding

Single-Wire Wrist Straps

Adjustable Wrist Strap, Blue, with 6′ Coil Cord

One size fits all adjustable wrist band with coil cord is used to ground a stationary operator.

4 mm snap, 1 megohm resistor

Meets ANSI/ESD S20.20 and ANSI/ESD S1.1

ECWS61M-1

One size fits all blue adjustable single-wire wrist band with 6-foot coil cord

Static Control Garment

Smock Jacket with Knitted Cuffs, 3 Pockets, No Collar, Blue

Creates faraday cage effect around torso and arms of operator

Groundable static control garment systems meets ANSI/ESD S20.20 (Rtg < 3.5 X 107ohms) Requirement Tested Per ANSI/ESD STM2.1 and ESD TR53

Hip-To-Cuff Grounding – Improves productivity, grounds operator with no need for a cord to be attaches to the operator’s wrist

770012

Static Control Worksurface Mat Kits

R7 Series 2-Layer Rubber Mat Kit

Provides a worksurface that does not generate a static charge and will control the discharge rate from all conductors (including ESD susceptible items) that are placed on the surface

Includes table mat, LPCGC151M Common Ground Cord and 3049 Snap Kit

Dissipative Dual Layer Rubber Material

High Strength Nitrile Rubber Compound – Constructed to withstand abrasion, tearing and may be used in soldering applications with flux and other chemicals.

770776 – 770784


ESD Surface and Mat Cleaner

Charge-Guard™ ESD Surface and Mat Cleaner, 25 Wipes

Ideal for Use After Sanitizing an ESD Worksurface with Alcohol

Removes dust, grease, grime, fingerprints, solder flux and other contaminants from ESD mats and other surfaces

Alcohol-Free Formula – Excessive use of alcohol-based cleaners may dry-out mats (vinyl or rubber) and degrade performance

8004

8004 -Charge-Guard™ ESD Surface and Mat Cleaner, 25 Wipes
770031- Combo Wrist Strap and Footwear Tester with Stand

Wrist Strap and Footwear Tester

Combo Wrist Strap and Footwear Tester with Stand

Tests operator’s resistance loop; wrist strap limits 750 kilohms to 10 megohms; footwear limits 750 kilohms to 100 megohms – Determines that operator’s personal grounding device is functioning correctly.

Separate test circuits for wrist straps and foot grounders

Use with Single-Wire Wrist Strap

770031


Surface Resistance Meter

Resistance Pro Meter Kit

Tests Digital Compliance Verification Surface Resistance Meter Kit – Measures resistance point-to-point (Rtt) and resistance-to-ground (Rtg) of worksurfaces, flooring systems, garments, packaging, and other materials in accordance with ESD Association documents: ESD TR53, ANSI/ESD S4.1, ANSI/ESD S7.1, ANSI/ESD STM97.1 and others

Internal Memory – Stores and recalls up to 100 measurements. Captures resistance, temperature, humidity and test voltage.

770760

770760 -  Resistance Pro Surface Resistance Meter Kit
1000 Series Metal-In Static Shield Bag

Static Shielding Bags

1000 Series Metal-In Static Shield Bag

Metal-In Film Laminate 0.0028” thick (2.8 mil) – Protects ESD sensitive contents from electrostatic fields and electrostatic discharges (ESD)

<10 nJ Discharge Shielding Energy Limit Test per ANSI/ESD STM11.31 – Meets ANSI/ESD S20.20 and ANSI/ESD S541 requirements for ESD shielding packaging inside and outside an ESD Protected Area (EPA)

1000 Series


Conclusion

Whilst this guide provides a high quality but manageable avenue into ESD Control, not all ESD Programs are created equal, every company has different processes. So, get in touch with your requirements or complete our Checklist and SCS will support with a custom qualified parts list based on your application.

Need Help with ESD?

Need Help with ESD?

Perhaps you’ve come across this blog post because you find yourself asking:

  • Is my ESD Control Program in compliance?
  • Is ESD costing my company too much time, money or even future business?
  • I’m new to ESD control and don’t know where to start?
  • My company needs to start taking ESD precautions, what do I need for a basic set-up?
  • I am sure we are compliant to ANSI/ESD S20.20, but how can we confirm that?

Complete our ESD Program Checklist to start getting the answers to these questions and more:

A Minute with Miranda – WS Aware Continuous Monitor on SMT Line

Welcome back to “A Minute with Miranda.” This week we will be covering how the WS Aware provides continuous monitoring for an operator at an SMT line.

The SCS WS Aware Monitor is a continuous monitor for operators, ESD Worksurfaces and metal tools. It will continuously monitor the path-to-ground integrity and body voltage of two operators. It also monitors the path-to-ground integrity of two metal tools. In addition, it continuously monitors for electromagnetic interference (EMI) on two metal tools, which may cause electrical overstress (EOS) damage. The WS Aware Monitor eliminates the need for periodic testing and record keeping of wrist straps.

Per ESD Handbook ESD TR 20.20 section 5.3.2.4.4 “Typical Test programs recommend that wrist straps that are used daily should be tested daily. However, if the products that are being produced are of such value that knowledge of a continuous, reliable ground is needed, then continuous monitoring should be considered or even required.”

View the full range of SCS WS Aware Monitors here.

A Minute with Miranda – Testing ESD Footwear

Welcome back to “A Minute with Miranda.” This week we will be covering how to test ESD footwear entering an ESD Protected Area (EPA).

Per the ESD Handbook ESD TR20.20, A system test of the footwear in combination with the existing or proposed flooring materials in the plant should be made to ensure that the criteria for the facility are met. When using a footwear checker it is important to make sure the upper and lower resistance limits of the checker match the user’s requirements. When testing the footwear should test within the range of 1 x 106 to 1 x 108 ohms.

Heel, sole and toe grounders should be worn on both feet to ensure effective use. They should be worn by all personnel and visitors within an ESD controlled area. If worn improperly, the heel, sole and toe grounders become ineffective. ESD footwear should be tested daily before use within an ESD Protected Area (EPA).

View the full range of SCS ESD Footwear here.

A Minute with Miranda – WS Aware Workstation Overview

Welcome back to “A Minute with Miranda.” This week we will be covering how the WS Aware Monitor provides for continuous monitoring of an ESD Workstation setup.

The SCS WS Aware Monitor is a dual workstation continuous monitor for operators, ESD Worksurfaces and metal tools. It will continuously monitor the path-to-ground integrity and body voltage of two operators. It also monitors the path-to-ground integrity for two conductive or dissipative worksurfaces and two metal tools. It also continuously monitors for electromagnetic interference (EMI) on two metal tools which may cause electrical overstress (EOS) damage. The WS Aware Monitor eliminates the need for periodic testing and record keeping of wrist straps.

Per the ESD Handbook ESD TR20.20 section 18.4.2 “Some continuous monitors can monitor worksurface ground connections. A test signal is passed through the worksurface and ground connections. Discontinuity or over limit resistance changes cause the monitor to alarm. Worksurface monitors test the electrical connection between the monitor, the worksurface, and the ground point. However, the monitor will not detect insulative contamination on the worksurface.”

View the full range of SCS WS Aware Monitors here.

A Minute with Miranda – Why you need ESD Footwear

Welcome back to “A Minute with Miranda.” This week we will be covering why you need to use ESD footwear within your ESD Protected Area (EPA).

Per the ESD Handbook ESD TR20.20, Personnel may also be grounded through the use of ESD footwear with an ESD Flooring system. This method is useful for situations where personnel are mobile or standing in areas where a wrist strap is not feasible and ESDS items must be handled or transported. ESD protective footwear is designed to reduce body charge levels by providing a conductive path from the body to the ESD flooring material.

Heel, sole and toe grounders should be worn on both feet to ensure effective use. They should be worn by all personnel and visitors within an ESD controlled area. If worn improperly, the heel, sole and toe grounders become ineffective. ESD footwear should be tested daily before use within an ESD Protected Area.

View the full range of SCS ESD Footwear here.

A Minute with Miranda – Cleaning an ESD Worksurface Mat

Welcome back to “A Minute with Miranda.” This week we will be covering how to properly clean an ESD Worksurface Mat.

For optimum electrical performance, the ESD worksurface mat surface should be cleaned regularly using a recommended ESD mat cleaner. Per the ESD Handbook ESD TR20.20, “Ensure that cleaners that are used do not leave an electrically insulative residue common with some household cleaners.”
We recommend using Reztore ESD Surface and Mat Cleaner. Reztore is alcohol free and does not contain silicone or other substances that will leave an insulative residue or inhibit the performance of the ESD worksurface mats.

After cleaning the ESD worksurface mat with Reztore it is recommended to test the surface to ensure that all insulative contaminates such as dirt and grime have been removed from the mat.
SCS worksurface mats meet the ANSI/ESD STM4.1 and ANSI/ESD S20.20 required limit of 1 x 106 to less than 1 x 109 ohms for Rtt and Rtg and the recommendations of ANSI/ESD S4.1. View the range of Reztore Alcohol Free products here.

A Minute with Miranda – Testing an ESD Floor

Welcome back to “A Minute with Miranda.” This week we will be discussing how to test the point-to-point resistance (Rtt) and the resistance-to-ground (Rtg) of a Conductive ESD Floor.

ANSI/ESD S20.20 requires initial and periodic verification of an ESD Flooring System. ANSI/ESD STM7.1 outlines the test methods applicable for the Conductive flooring material. For the Point-to-Point resistance (Rtt) test the flooring will be tested with a resistance measurement meter and
2 x 5lbs cylindrical electrodes positioned 36” apart. The value for the test should be less than or equal to 1 x 106 ohms.

The Resistance Point-to-Ground (Rtg) test should be conducted with a resistance measurement meter and 1 x 5lbs cylindrical electrode. One lead from the meter should be connected to the ground point and the other lead will be connected to the electrode. The test value should be less than or equal to 1 x 106 ohms.

View the full range of SCS Surface Resistance Testers here.